The vineyards where the wines of the Roero DOCG are produced must meet a series of requirements: they must be located on hilly terrain – therefore the valley-floor soils, flat, humid and not enough sunny are excluded – at an altitude not exceeding 400 meters above sea level, on soil type clay, limestone, sand (and their possible combinations), and with appropriate exposure to ensure proper ripening of the grapes.

The training and pruning systems are traditional, that is, the espalier and Guyot.

The viticulture of Roero is done almost exclusively on hillsides (often with very steep slopes, up to and over 50%) and in very small vineyards. This leads to a very reduced mechanization for tilling soil, forcing the grower to manually perform the majority of farming operations.