Production regulations for “Roero” denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin, docg wines

ART. 1. DENOMINATION AND WINES

The “Roero” denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin is reserved for wines that adhere to the conditions and the requirements stated in these production regulations, for the following types and mentions:

Red wines:

  • “Roero”;
  • “Roero” riserva.

White wines:

  • “Roero” or “Roero” Arneis;
  • “Roero” riserva or “Roero” Arneis riserva;
  • “Roero” sparkling or “Roero” Arneis sparkling.

ART. 2. AMPELOGRAPHIC BASE

  1. The “Roero” and “Roero” riserva denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin wines are obtained are obtained from grapes from vineyards with the following ampelographic composition in the company:

Nebbiolo grape variety: 95% minimum;

non-aromatic red grapes suitable for cultivation in the Piedmont Region may also jointly or separately contribute up to a maximum of 5% (Annex 1).

  1. The “Roero” and “Roero” Arneis denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin wines including riserva and sparkling wines are obtained from grapes from vineyards with the following ampelographic composition in the company:

Arneis grape variety: 95% minimum;

non-aromatic white grapes suitable for cultivation in the Piedmont Region may also jointly or separately contribute up to a maximum of 5% (Annex 1).

ART. 3. PRODUCTION ZONE OF THE GRAPES

  1. The production zone of the grapes consists of all of the most suitable “Roero” territories for guaranteeing the characteristics of the wines referred to in these production regulations.

This zone, in the province of Cuneo, consists of the entire administrative territory of the municipalities of: Canale, Corneliano d’Alba, Piobesi d’Alba, Vezza d’Alba and in part those of the municipalities of: Baldissero d’Alba, Castagnito, Castellinaldo, Govone, Guarene, Magliano Alfieri, Montà, Montaldo Roero, Monteu Roero, Monticello d’Alba, Pocapaglia, Priocca, S. Vittoria d’Alba, S. Stefano Roero, Sommariva Perno.

This zone is defined as such: starting from the intersection of the borders between the provinces of Asti and Cuneo and between the municipality of Priocca and of Canale, the demarcation line follows to the north the provincial border between Cuneo and Asti up to the junction of the fraz. Gianoglio (altitude 350 m) in the territory of Montà d’Alba. Then it enters onto the provincial road for casc. Sterlotti and that for fraz. S. Vito which it follows up to the junction with the state road of Colle di Cadibona (state road n. 29).

The demarcation line coincides with that state road up to the bridge over the Rollandi river, then following the current it reaches the confluence of the Rollandi river with the Prasanino river. It goes up the Prasanino river, it reaches an altitude level of 303 m and then 310 m; it follows the provincial road towards Madonna delle Grazie reaching heights of 315 m, 316 m and 335 m casc. Perona, falls; then it runs north along the roadway of the Campetto river which follows up to the intersection with the provincial Valle San Lorenzo-Santo Stefano Roero at an altitude of 313 m.

It goes up the road towards Santo Stefano Roero until reaching the cart road for casc. Beggioni that it follows passing by casc. Molli (altitude 376 m) up to the Prella river. It goes down that river to reach and then go up the cart track that passes through casc. Furinetti and Audano (altitude 381 m) up to reaching an altitude of 336 m. After passing the Roero provincial road, it follows the valle Serramiana up to an altitude of 360 m. It takes the street towards valle Canemorto (altitude 362 m), which it follows up to Baldissero (altitude 410 m).

The demarcation line to the west of Baldissero reaches altitudes of 402 m and 394 m and, following the ridge, reaches the municipal border between Baldissero and Sommariva Perno at an altitude of 417 m which it follows up to a height of 402 m.

From 402 meters high it crosses Villa di Sommariva, along Bocche dei Garbine and Bocche della Merla to reach an altitude of 429 m, on the municipal border between Pocapaglia and Sommariva Perno.

It crosses that boundary and in a straight line reaches altitudes of 422 m and 408 m and therefore via the Bocche della Ghia it reaches S. Sebastiano (altitude 391 m).

From here it continues along the municipal road to Pocapaglia, then turns left and, descending along the Rio della Meinina, meets and runs along the Rio della Gera up to the Alba-Bra railway; it continues east along that railway to the border between the municipalities of Monticello d’Alba and Alba, near Piana Biglini.

From this point the demarcation line runs north along the municipal boundaries between Monticello d’Alba and Alba, Corneliano d’Alba and Alba, Piobesi d’Alba and Alba, Piobesi d’Alba and Guarene, Corneliano d’Alba and Guarene up to meet the provincial road SP10, ascends the provincial road until it meets the regional road 29 and climbs up the regional road to the north until it meets and travels along the municipal boundaries of Corneliano d’Alba and Guarene until it meets the provincial road SP 171.

From this point the demarcation line goes back up that provincial road reaching the inhabited area of ​​Guarene, crosses the concentric and enters the communal road of S. Stefano passing through an altitude of 288 m, then along the Maso local road and the Morrone local road for Cà del Rio (altitude 165 m) until reaching the provincial road for Castagnito; descending that provincial road until it meets the municipal road S. Carlo della Serra; passing through an altitude of 214 m it enters the municipal road S. Pietro up to the inhabited area of ​​fraz. Moisa.

From this point the demarcation line follows the municipal road of Moisa to the west to take the municipal road of S. Maria up to near the church of S. Maria at an altitude of 196 m. From this point the demarcation line follows the communal road of the cemetery, it enters the municipal road Leschea passing altitudes of 200 m and 193 m to reach an altitude of 244 m and meet the provincial road Castellinaldo-Priocca-Magliano which it follows to an altitude of 269 m near casc. St. Michele; it follows that road until it meets the provincial road Magliano Alfieri-Priocca; from this point it runs north-east along the provincial road to Priocca passing by fraz. S. Bernardo fraz. S. Vittore up to an altitude of 213 m where it meets the provincial road n.2 (ex 231): then it follows that provincial road n.2 up to the junction with the Provocca-Govone provincial road that goes through fraz. St. Peter and fraz. via Piana to the cemetery of Govone. From here it briefly enters to the north-west the municipality of Craviano near a height of 253 m to take the municipal road towards Bricco Genepreto passing near S. Rocco-casc. Monte Bertolo to reach the Cuneo-Asti border. It runs west along that border until it intersects with the municipal boundaries of Priocca and Canale.

ART. 4. RULES FOR VITICULTURE

  1. The environmental and cultivation conditions of vines destined for the production of “Roero” denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin wines must be the traditional ones of the area and, in any case, suitable for giving the grapes and the derived wines the specific high-quality characteristics.
  2. In particular the cultivation conditions of the vines must adhere to the requirements set out in the following points:

terrain: clayey, calcareous, sandy and their possible combinations;

position: hilly, the terrains of valley floor are excluded, flat, humid and not too sunny;

exposure: suitable for ensuring a proper maturation of the grapes. In the case of the «Roero» and «Roero» riserva red wines with the exclusion of the north side from -22.5 ° to + 22.5 ° sexagesimal and in any case only those suitable to give the grapes and the wine derived the specific high-quality characteristics. In the case of the “Roero” Arneis white wine, the cultivation of vines is also permitted on the north-facing slopes;

plant density: those generally used according to the peculiar characteristics of the grapes and of the wines. Newly registered or replanted vines must be composed of a number of vines per hectare, calculated on the sixth of the plant, not less than 3,500;

types of farming and pruning systems: those traditional and in any case suitable for the production of high-quality grapes in the quantities specified by the regulations;

any forcing practice is prohibited; emergency irrigation is allowed.

  1. The maximum yields of grapes per hectare of vines in specialized cultivation for the production of “Roero” DOCG wines and the minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume of the relative grapes destined for winemaking must be respectively as follows:
Wines Grape yield t/ha Minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume
Roero (red) 8 12,00 % vol
Roero (white) 10 10,50 % vol.

The red and white “Roero” denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin, also the riserva type, can be accompanied by the «vineyard» mention provided that this vineyard has a planting age of at least 3 years.

The maximum yields of grapes per hectare of vines in specialized cultivation for the production of the aforementioned wines with vineyard mention, and the minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume of the relative grapes destined for winemaking must be respectively as follows:

to the third year:

Wines Grape yield t/ha Minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume
Roero (red) 4,3 12,50 % vol
Roero (white) 5,4 11,00 % vol

at the fourth year:

Wines Grape yield t/ha Minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume
Roero (red) 5 12,50 % vol
Roero (white) 6,3 11,00 % vol

at the fifth year:

Wines Grape yield t/ha Minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume
Roero (red) 5,8 12,50 % vol
Roero (white) 7,2 11,00 % vol

at the sixth year:

Wines Grape yield t/ha Minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume
Roero (red) 6,5 12,50 % vol
Roero (white) 8,1 11,00 % vol

from the seventh year:

Wines Grape yield t/ha Minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume
Roero (red) 7,2 12,50 % vol
Roero (white) 9 11,00 % vol

In favourable years, the quantities of grapes obtained and destined for the production of “Roero” denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin wines must be reported within the above limits provided that the overall production does not exceed the same limits by 20%, keeping to the grape/wine yield limits for the quantities in question.

  1. In unfavourable years, which make it necessary, the Piedmont region establishes a lower yield than that provided for by these regulations, even differentiated within the area of production referred to in art. 3.
  2. Interested producers wishing to obtain higher yields than those indicated by the Piedmont region, but not exceeding those set by point 3 above must promptly, and in any case at least 5 days before the starting date of their harvest, report by registered letter to the bodies in charge of the control, competent for the territory, the start date of the operations, the estimate of the maximum yield, to allow the appropriate verifications on their part.
  3. As part of the maximum yield set in this article, the Piedmont region, at the suggestion of the Protection Consortium, can set the maximum limits of grapes that can be claimed per hectare lower than those provided for in these regulations in relation to the need to achieve a better market balance. In this case the provisions of paragraph 5 do not apply.
  4. The Piedmont Region, at the request of the Protection Consortium and having heard the supply chain representatives, given the market situation, can establish the temporary suspension and/or regulation of the registrations to the wine register with suitability for the DOCG Roero for newly planted vines that increase the productive potential of the denomination.

ART. 5. WINE-MAKING RULES

  1. The wine-making operations and the eventual obligatory aging of «Roero» wines must be carried out in the municipalities whose territory is in total or in part included in the production zone defined in the preceding art. 3.

However, taking the traditional production situations into account, it is also permitted for these operations to be carried out in the municipalities of Alba, Bra, Barbaresco, Barolo, Castiglione Falletto, Cherasco, Diano d’Alba, Grinzane Cavour, La Morra, Monchiero, Monforte d’Alba, Montelupo Albese, Neive, Novello, Roddi, Roddino, Serralunga d’Alba, Sinio, Treiso, Verduno in the province of Cuneo.

  1. The Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies, at the request of the companies concerned, is entitled to allow, for the purposes of using the “Roero” denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin, that grapes produced in the production zone referred to in art. 3, can be vinified in establishments located in the territories of the provinces of Cuneo, Asti and Alessandria provided that these companies:

1) submit a request that is justified in the opinion of the appointed bodies;

2) demonstrate the traditional nature of these operations, subject to certification by the competent bodies.

  1. The maximum yield of grapes in finished wine must not exceed:
Wines Grape/wine yield Maximum wine production
Roero (red) 70% 56 hl/ha
Roero (white) 70% 70 hl/ha

For the use of the mention «vineyard», without prejudice to the maximum percentage grape-wine yield referred to in the above paragraph, the maximum production of wine l/ha obtainable is determined on the basis of grape yields t/ha referred to in art . 4 point 3.

If for “Roero” wines this yield exceeds the percentage indicated above, but not more than 75%, the surplus is not entitled to the denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin; beyond the aforementioned percentage limits, the right to the denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin for all the product lapses.

  1. The most rational technical criteria must be followed and the oenological practices must be carried out during the wine-making and aging in order to give the wine the best high-quality characteristics, including enrichment, according to the methods and limits recognized by current legislation.
  1. The Roero denomination wines, with the exclusion of the sparkling wines, must be subjected to the following aging periods:
Wines Duration Of which minimum months in wood Effective date
Roero (white) with additional geographical mention 4 1st November of the year of the grape harvest
Roero riserva (white) with additional geographical mention 16 1st November of the year of the grape harvest
Roero (red) 20 6 1st November of the year of the grape harvest
Roero riserva  (red) 32 6 1st November of the year of the grape harvest

For each of the following wines, release for consumption is only allowed from the date as indicated below:

– Roero (white), also with additional geographical mention: from 1st March of the first year following the grape harvest;

– Roero Riserva (white), also with additional geographical mention: from 1st March of the second year following the grape harvest;

– “Roero” (red), also with additional geographical mention: from 1st July of the second year following the grape harvest;

– “Roero” reserve (red), also with additional geographical mention: from 1st July of the third year following the grape harvest.

  1. The addition, to a maximum of 15%, of the youngest «Roero» red wine to the older «Roero» red wine or vice versa, even if it has not yet completed the obligatory aging period, is permitted for purposes of improvement.

The addition, to a maximum of 15%, of the youngest “Roero” Arneis white wine to the older “Roero” Arneis white wine or vice versa is permitted for purposes of improvement.

The preparation of “Roero” sparkling wine must take place within the production zone described in this article.

  1. At the time of certification, after the aging time as established in the previous paragraph 5, the producer can explicitly request the “riserva” type.

ART. 6. CONSUMPTION CHARACTERISTICS

  1. The “Roero” and “Roero” riserva (red) denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin wines, also with “vineyard” mention, when released for consumption, must have the following characteristics:

colour: ruby red or garnet;

aroma: fruity, characteristic and with a hint of wood;

flavour: dry, full-bodied, harmonious and possibly tannic;

minimum total alcohol content by volume: 12.50% vol;

minimum total acidity: 4.5 g/l;

minimum non-reducing extract: 22.0 g/l.

  1. The “Roero” or “Roero” riserva (white) denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin wines, also with «vineyard» mention, when released for consumption, must have the following characteristics:

colour: from straw yellow to golden yellow;

aroma: delicate, characteristic with a possible hint of wood;

flavour: dry, elegant, harmonious;

minimum total alcohol content by volume: 12.00% vol;

minimum total acidity: 4.5 g/l;

minimum non-reducing extract: 15.50 g/l.

  1. The “Roero” denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin sparkling wines, when released for consumption, must have the following characteristics:

bubbles: fine and persistent;

colour: more or less intense straw yellow;

aroma: delicate, fruity, fresh, with hints that may remind you of yeast, bread crust and vanilla;

flavour: from brut nature to dessert; elegant and harmonious;

minimum total alcohol content by volume: 11.50% vol;

minimum total acidity: 5.0 g/l;

minimum non-reducing extract: 15.0 g/l.

ART. 7. DESIGNATION AND PRESENTATION

  1. In the designation and presentation of the “Roero” denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin wines it is forbidden to add any qualification other than those provided for in these production regulations, including the adjectives extra, fine, natural, chosen, selected, old and similar.
  2. In the designation and presentation of the “Roero” denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin wines the use of indications that refer to names or social reasons or private brands is allowed, provided that they have no laudatory meaning and do not mislead the consumer.
  3. In the designation and presentation of Roero wines, the denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin may be accompanied by the «vineyard» mention followed by the relative toponym or traditional name provided that the same toponyms or traditional names appear in the appropriate regional list referred to in the article 31, paragraph 10 of law no. 238/2016, that the mention is included in the notification of the grapes and in the accompanying registers and documents, that the producers concerned carry out the wine-making, the storing and bottling of the wine in question and that the aforesaid wine-making and storage operations of the relevant batches take place in separate containers.

The “vineyard” mention followed by the relative toponym or traditional name must be indicated on the label with characters less than or equal to 50% of the size of the font used for the Roero DOCG.

  1. In the designation of “Roero” wines, the controlled and guaranteed designation of origin may be accompanied by the name of one of the additional geographical units provided for in the list in annex 3 of these regulations, pursuant to Article 29 paragraph 4 of Law 238/2016.

5. In the designation and presentation of “Roero” wines, indication of the year of production of the grapes is obligatory.

ART. 8. PACKAGING

  1. “Roero” DOCG wines must be released for consumption in traditional bottles, corresponding to one of the following capacities in litres: 0.187; 0.25; 0.375; 0.50; 0.75; 1.00; 1.5; 3; 4.5; 5; 6; 9; 12; 15; 18; 27; 30.
  2. Packaging in bottles that may mislead the consumer or that are such as to offend the prestige of the wine is prohibited.
  3. For the packaging of “Roero” DOCG wines, all the closure systems required by current national and EU legislation are considered suitable, with the exclusion of the crown cap and the screw cap made entirely of plastic.

ART. 9. LINKS WITH THE GEOGRAPHIC ENVIRONMENT

  1. A) Information on the geographical zone.

The Territory of Roero extends to the left bank of the Tanaro river. In this area, composed of 19 municipalities, two vines have always mainly been cultivated: Nebbiolo and Arneis. The former is cultivated mainly on the south-facing slopes, while the latter is also cultivated in the cooler areas. The Roero is characterized by the formation of the rocks which must be related to the geological phenomenon that takes the name “capture of the Tanaro”, which indicates the change of course that this river underwent as the result of a movement of the earth’s crust. This particular evolution has led to the formation of alternate layers of Clay Sands and Limestone, which are mixed in different ways depending on the area. The presence of sands is crucial in the aromas and structures of the wines that come from this area.

  1. B) Information on the quality or characteristics of the product essentially or exclusively attributable to the geographical environment.

The soils of this area derive from the dismantling and remixing of overlapping layers of different origins, deposited in ancient times, on the crystalline bottom of an ancient inland sea called, subsequently, Golfo Padano. The Nebbiolo grape is well suited to the steepest slopes of the hills, in the leanest and most sandy soils, where a fragrant and fragrant wine is obtained, elegant and generous with sensations starting from a beautiful inviting intense ruby red colour. On these hills, since 1400 a white grape variety has grown: the Arneis which acquires subtle and elegant aromas that recall white flowers and suggestions of fresh fruit ranging from apples to peaches to hazelnuts.

  1. C) Description of the causal interaction between the elements referred to in paragraph A) and those referred to in paragraph B).

The Roero is characterized by very steep and precipitous slopes that require a lot of attention and a lot of work by the winemakers. The origin of the name Arneis seems to be attributed to a nice idea: that of bringing together the character of this white wine with the dialectal term used to describe a person with a grumpy, unreliable, irascible character. Other sources, on the other hand, trace it back to the term renexij, which in the 15th century referred to the Arneis grape, from the name of bric Renesio located behind the town of Canale.

ART. 10. REFERENCES TO THE INSPECTION COMPANY

VALORITALIA S.r.l.
Legal headquarters:
Via Piave, 24
00187 – ROMA
Tel. +3906-45437975
mail: info@valoritalia.it
Operational headquarters for the regulated activity:
Corso Enotria, 2/C – Ampelion
12051 – ALBA (CN)

The Valoritalia Company is the inspection body authorized by the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies, pursuant to Article 64 of Law 238/2016 (Annex 2), which carries out the annual verification of compliance with the provisions of these regulations, in accordance with Article 25, par. 1, paragraph 1, paragraph a) and c), and article 26 of EC Reg. No. 607/2009, for products benefiting from the DOP reference, through a combined control methodology (systematic and random) throughout the entire production chain (cultivation, production, packaging), in accordance with the aforementioned article 25, par. 1, 2nd paragraph.

In particular, this check is carried out in accordance with a predetermined inspection plan, approved by the Ministry, in accordance with the model approved with the Ministerial Decree of 14 June 2012, published in G.U. n. 150 of 29.06.2012.

ANNEX 3

Additional geographical units

Baldissero d’Alba, Canale, Castagnito, Corneliano d’Alba, Covone, Guarente, Magliano Alfieri, Monta’, Montaldo Roero, Monteu Roero, Monticello d’Alba, Piobesi d’Alba, Pocapaglia, Priocca, Santa Vittoria d’Alba, Santo Stefano Roero, Sommariva Perno, Vezza d’Alba. Costabella, Valmezzana, Anime, Ciriagno, Granmadre, Loreto, Madonna dei Cavalli, Mombeltramo, Mombirone, Mompellini, Monpissano, Montorino, Oesio, Patarun, Precetto, Rabini, Renesio, Renesio Incisa, Renesio Montorone, Renesio Valbellina, Rivetto, S.S.Trinita’, Roncaglia, San Defendente, San Michele, San Vittore, Sant’Anna, Santa Margherita, Sru, Tanone, Volta, Cortine, Croera, San Quirico, Serra, Soarme, Trono, Baroni Incisa, Corchesi, Fontane, Leschera, Rocca Cerreto, San Carlo, San Salvario, Serra Zanni, Bricco della Quaglia, Cumignano, Reala, Surie, Val di Stefano, Monteforche, Peiroletto, Trinita’, Madernassa, Montebello, San Bernardo, Bric Bossola, Bric Valdiana, Bric del Medic, Caialupo, Corso, Lamontà, Morinaldo, Parere, Piloni, Sterletti, Tucci, Valteppe, Muschiavin, Sacargena, San Giacomo, San Rocco, Sicurana, Torre, Anime Nere, Bastia, Bric Nota, Bric Rossino Vadonia, Bricco Braida, Canton Sandri, Ciabot San Giorgio, Gaiuccio, Occhetti, Occhetti Castelletto, Occhetti San Pietro, Occhetti Violi, Prachiosso, San Michele, San Vincenzo, Sanche, Serra Lupini, Casà, La Valle, Malapessina, Roncaglie, Bric Paradiso, Bricco di Piovesi, Buonagiunta, Canorei, Garbiano, Montiglione, Rivera, Sassonio, Bricco delle Passere, Montalbano, Mormore, Sanbod, Vis Pautass, Betlemme, Bric Mortariolo, Bricco Genestreto, Cascinotto, Castellero, Madonna delle Grazie, Sabbione, San Siverio, Varinera, Coste Anforiano, Scorticato, Gorrini, Le Coste, Madonna delle Grazie, Monfriggio, Reina, San Grato, Sant’Antonio, Loghero, Tavolato Colla, Crocetta, Rurey, Pioiero, Torion, Valmaggiore

Particle list attached: …